How It Works
BAE Earth

In the next pages we will sketch out how Pluvinergy and Pluvicopia work. 

By developing these technologies: 

    1. We avert the climate catastrophe.
    It might take all century, but people who can grasp the opportunity, know that we can even reverse climate change, and adjust sea level to our liking within decades not centuries. Most experts disagree on this, because they don't understand the potential of BAE. But in the Book Pluvinergy we show all aspects of the theory. On this webpages we sketch the mechanics of both Pluvinergy and Pluvicopia

   Although we cannot stop using fossil fuels and nuclear energy without a replacement, determined and creative people can fix whatever problems we define. Such people can see that Pluvinergy is one concept which shows how, and importantly, why, energy production and use canand must, improve the environment. 

    2. Pluvinergy and Pluvicopia can Provide all the Energy, Water, and Food for an ecologically sustainable civilization.  

   Pluvinergy is an architecture of natural processes to concentrate atmospheric energy flux. Leaders in conceptual design, know that copying the mechanisms, which nature uses to concentrate solar energy and to cool the planet, are the best and most natural solution for both our water and for our energy needs. Food can be plentiful and environmentally benign when water and energy are abundant and benign. 

    With abundant energy and water which improves rather than degrades the environmen, all commodity production can also be made harmless, or beneficial, to rebuild verdant world and a sustainable relationship with the rest of the biosphere.  

    3. We can adjust Global Sea Level even if we loose all of Greenland (8 meters) and one and one halve times as much ice from Antarctica and other glaciers (12 meters). 

   Sixty years ago, Philip Carlson designed the downdraft engine. The Israelis and the Indians improved the design and showed how it produces energy cheaper than coal, with a caveat. Meanwhile the Germans designed the opposite concept of an updraft engine, which was built and proven effective in Spain. Today, the Australians are gathering money to build such powerplants in Arizona and Texas. The university of Texas is improving the solar pond complex at El Paso, while the university of Arizona and the US Park Service in New Mexico have built working models combining three of these components necessary for Pluvinergy. Meanwhile Louis Michaud has been tirelessly touting the idea of structuring AVE in the open atmosphere. The simple underlying physics of Pluvinergy have been proven and used for years, decades, and centuries. 

   Pluvinergy is an extrapolation of those designs to bring it up to the scale of the climate challenge, by elegantly resolving each caveat. It is a rare confidant person of intellect who has the courage to understand all the challenges, but Pluvinergy specifies those caveats, and specifies all the physics to resolve them.

    Pluvicopia uses the energy already in the atmosphere to produce any amount of fresh water we desire, and as a byproduct it produces significant amounts of energy.  

Click here for a PDF 
Booklet on Climate Change Science from the 
National Academy of Science
The Royal Society

This is a concise and authoritative summary of climate science from two of the most respected scientific organizations in the world: The National Academy of Science from the USA, and the Royal Society from Great Britain. 
Creating New Energy Technology creates
an explosion of jobs and wealth.

Benign Atmospheric Engineering Elevate Civilization to a New Era
Click here for Illustration linking specific Scientists who support or deny climate change  

This is a fun illustration: Mouse over the cartoons and see if you can find the few scientists in the world who are still opposed to current theory. Click on each cartoon to see their opinion. 

Additional Atmospheric Energy Monitor
This represents instantaneous energy. It is an illustration of the additional energy being stored in the oceans and the atmosphere every second due to climate change. BAE taps into this growing problem as its energy source. 

That energy quantity is 1.5 times 10 to the 23ed power. That amount of energy could power a one-TW Pluvinergy, or Pluvicopia, power plant for 4500 years. Producing 36 TW of net electrical energy. BAE energy can also come from the sun or earth flux. Meaning that BAE energy is effectively limitless. 
Yes We Can!

    Much of the content here will seem naïve to those who know as well as to those who don't know much about science, thermodynamics, and meteorology. But delve into any aspect of the concepts offered here, and you will find that there is nothing outside of well known science. The one thing that is new here is the ability, and commitment to take on the task of climate change, sea level rise, fresh water security, arable land, clean energy, and thus economic development at the scale of the problem

    Most discussions start with the idea that these are impossible problems and then conclude with more or less the same sense of doubt. We can't do it, so we must cut back economic development, cut back populations, and in the extreme, create giant bureaucracies to wind down civilization as we know it. Why? 

There is not limit to energy, since energy is everywhere and in everything. There should be no limit to freshwater if the majority of the planet is covered with water. Thus, there should be no limit to economic development and accommodation of both a large human presence and a strong support for all the earth's creatures that we have not yet exterminated. It is only a matter of economic viability that matters. How can we attain energy concentration in a convenient form and location? Same for all others. 

That is what Pluvinergy and Pluvicopia are about; resolving these issues economically, this means creating greater wealth for civilization as more of these commodities are used. It is possible! Yes, we can do it!
We can Solve the Climate Challenge and Prosper too!

     If scientific consensus is correct, the greatest challenge civilization has ever faced is rapidly unfolding. Even on the human timescale, it is clear the climate is changing. For some people the calamity is already too real. But the situation is not as dyer as it seems. 

We can resolve these problems if we face them at the scale of the problem and with an open mind. The technology we explore in this website we call Benign Atmospheric Engineering BAE. 

    Fossil fuels have given the greatest boost to human prosperity of all time. Since coal and other fossil fuels were invoked, knowledge, health, and wealth have increased more in each and every subsequent generation than all the generations before. The huge difference in wealth among nations has to do with multiplication of effort through the use of energy in all its forms. Understandably, most economies that have not fully benefitted from the use of energy to enrich their people and lands, now clamor to join the ranks of nations where energy has created wealth above any time or place in history. 

    However, fossil fuel oxidation is changing the planet profoundly. The problem seems daunting, if we limit the options to old technologies, and the old way of thinking. We don't belittle the enormity of the problems; we simply argue that the problems can be solved.  

    When we do find the solutions it will be far cheaper and better than fossil fuels. Such a solution will usher in an incredible new era of prosperity and civility. When the next era-changing technology materialized it will catapult civilization into a new arc of economic and social development. Once demonstrated, it will seem obvious. 

    But at this point, we must be courageous enough to imagine solutions on scale of the problem. That's what Pluvinergy and Pluvicopia offer. 
Can't Science do Better?

    With the highest appreciation and respect to the critical method of science: The normal peer review process is too plotting to allow the imagination needed to flourish into the new energy era. The challenges we face today require that we do far more than what we have done so far. BAE is needed to forge a new era of prosperity and environmental reclamation.

      Our minds must now open enough to accept the challenges we face on their terms, scale, timing. Photovoltaic, PV, energy, and Wind technologies offer huge benefit over fossil fuels. Hydroelectric and Geothermal power plants are far superior in terms of environmental costs. But these technologies are not on the scale of the problems, and they do not improve the environment as BAE can do. 

    Similarly Sea Level Change (SLC), is part of the CO2 problem we must imagine we can manage it before we can start the task of doing so. 

    Think of the prospect of going to the moon in the 1940s: You would certainly be sent out for "Shell Shock" if you suggested it back then. But, when the Kennedy administration was brave enough to help us imagine it; we reached the moon, and brought back pieces of it, within a decade. 

    Science is the most certain way to establish fact, but it is slow, and limiting by its necessary nature. Our job as Entrepreneurs, inventors, none-scientists, and policy makers is to set the objectives, then scientists will come up to the task. Engineers and scientists can do anything that we ask them to do. We just have to be brave enough to ask, and imagine.  

  Pluvinergy is that kind of endeavor, which is challenging to think about. Nevertheless, it offers transformative potential for civilization. Pluvinergy technology establishes and advances the art and science of Benign Atmospheric Engineering. BAE. 

  The reason it is a game changing technology is that it makes civilization a positive contribution to life on earth; just like trees, and animal do. Pluvicopia and Pluvinergy simply inserts civilization's needs into the thermal energy dissipation process of the planet by copying the nature's own energy concentrating processes

    BAE is a far better energy process for many reasons as we will show here. 

The atmosphere contains all the energy civilization will ever need 

As the Energy Monitor on this page shows. Climate change is accumulating in the atmosphere at the rate of 332 TW per second. Currently civilization only needs about 20 TW. This means that Pluvinergy could supply for civilization's energy needs with only 6% efficiency from the additional energy accumulating in he atmosphere from climate change.

Pluvinergy should be able to attain such efficiency rates, although Pluvicopia's energy efficiency is currently a small fraction of one percent.  

The insolation rate is 174,000 TW per second, which is also accessible with Pluvinergy and Pluvicopia. 

From this perspective, the additional CO2 in the atmosphere could be a blessing. But, that is doubtful, because the full effect of that additional CO2 will not be known for decades. Nevertheless, Pluvinergy and Pluvicopia can use this extra heat as its energy source. 

BAE processes concentrate atmospheric heat to produce energy and water. It is counterintuitive to the second law of thermodynamics, but it is actually consistent. Smarter people, like formal scientists, will have to figure out how. 

What we know is that radiation from the atmosphere radiates with the 4th power of change in temperature Kelvin. Pluvinergy and Pluvicopia release heat by condensing humidity in the air. This is what natural storms do. At the center of a hurricane, the upper atmosphere is much warmer than the atmosphere at that level, thus a hurricane is pumping huge amounts of energy from the ocean into space.

Pluvinergy and Pluvicopia are simply economically viable architectures to use these natural process. 

A New Vision of Energy and Fresh Water

    Concentrating energy for our power needs is good for the environment because it produces freshwater. Thus, Pluvinergy produces food and fiber as it enriches the biosphere, both directly and indirectly. But there is a much bigger reason, Pluvinergy is a tool on the scale of the atmosphere. This means that its effects are also on the planetary scale. Its potential for absorption of CO2 are significant. Direct removal of heat from the atmosphere, by concentrating it so that it can be radiated into space is also significant. 

    The power of Pluvicopia to affect this benefits is much larger still. Although Pluvicopia produces little energy compared to Pluvinergy technology, its production of water is prodigious. Our modeling so far has concentrated on using the humid air off the steep coast of Midwest Mexico. From this air mass Pluvicopia can produce sufficient water to irrigate all of Mexico's extensive North and Northwest. Because production naturally occurs at high elevation, water can be distributed to most of the US Southwest and West by gravity. Production occurs year round. Curiously, because it pulls moisture that would otherwise fall in the Pacific, the more pater that is produced, the more it is available. This also seems counterintuitive, but there are two robust mechanisms which cause this. 

    This means that if we want to produce the Amazon's flow in North America, at elevation for easy distribution, we can. The water is there, but more importantly the mechanisms to capture it are simple and ready.

    The larger mechanism which makes this possible, is modification of wind flows and direction, from Easterly to Northeasterly. The other mechanism is that as the land is humidified, precipitation increases, and as precipitation increase, it pulls more air from these same modified wind flows. It becomes a beneficial self-re-enforcing feedback loop.

    The reader may have already deduced the next reason that BAE is so powerful and benign; these tools give us control of climate in several ways: 1) We can direct wind flows and precipitation patterns. Thus 2), We can re-forest the planet as we design. And then thus 3), we can design and manage the CO2, and energy content of the atmosphere. 
This artwork is date. Newer designs work differently.
We are always looking for collaborators and supporters of our efforts. Please feel free to contact us for the latest efforts and any questions you might have. 
Building Pluvinergy and Pluvicopia 

Pluvinergy theory is a little more complicated than Pluvicopia. Pluvicopia is very inexpensive to build and operate. The problem with Pluvinergy is that power plants must be built at full scale. The cost is comparable to a conventional large nuclear power plant.  But its output is about ten times larger, and its byproducts are all beneficial and provide additional revenue more valuable than the power output. And, of course, the energy source is better than free. Since Pluvicopia is so much cheaper, it should be built first, the Pluvinergy will be easier to model, design in detail, and build with the experience from Pluvicopia. 

Currently we are building a 2000 square meter tubular Pluvicopia prototype to demonstrate, develop, and advance greenhouse designs. This prototype is expected to cost only $4 per square meter. We estimate that a full scale system will cost less than $20 per square meter. If this is even close to final cost, the technology is fantastically inexpensive. An operating system could cost one third of the cost of a conventional combined cycle gas power plant. Yet, it would produce a half Colorado River of new fresh water on command. At the same time it would produce almost the same power output as the gas fired power plant.